The rank of Instructor does not fall within the other tracks and serves multiple purposes. This title may be used for both voluntary and employed members of the faculty, including University salaried and UMMHC-salaried, whose participation in the academic programs of the University of Massachusetts Medical School encompasses a small proportion of their professional time but whose efforts represent a meaningful contribution to its academic activities. The title of Instructor may also be used for those faculty without a terminal degree who participate to a significant extent in the academic programs of the University of Massachusetts Medical School. The rank of Instructor may also be used as an entry level faculty appointment for senior trainees who are transitioning to the standard academic tracks. Appointees in this track are described in Article 9 of the Academic Personnel Policy.