Project Health Tip Sheet
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Smoking: Making the Decision to Quit
Why should you quit smoking?
- Quitting smoking is the best thing you can do to improve your health and the
health of people around you.
- It will lower your chance of having a heart attack, stroke or cancer.
- If you are pregnant, it will improve your chances of having a healthy
- It will improve the health of the people you live with, especially your
children, by reducing exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.
- It will help you save money.
When you quit smoking
- Within 20 minutes of your last cigarette, blood pressure drops to
- Within 8 hours, carbon monoxide level in blood drops to normal.
- 2 weeks to 3 months after quitting, circulation improves.
- 5 years after quitting, stroke risk is reduced to that of non-smokers.
- 15 years after quitting, risk of heart disease is that of nonsmokers.
Five Steps for Quitting
- Get Ready
Get Support and Encouragement
- Set a quit date.
- Change your environment: Get rid of ALL cigarettes and ashtrays in your
home, car and place of work.
- Don’t let people smoke in your home.
- Review your past attempts to quit. What worked and what didn’t?
- Once you quit, don’t smoke—NOT EVEN A PUFF!
Learn New Skills and Behaviors
- Tell your family, friends and coworkers that you are going to quit and want
their support. Ask them not to smoke around you or leave cigarettes around.
- Talk to your health care provider or a tobacco quit coach about your
- Get individual, group or telephone counseling. Counseling increases your
chance for success.\
Get Medication and Use It Correctly
- Distract yourself from urges to smoke. Talk to someone, get busy with a
- Do something to reduce your stress. Exercise, read a book, practice deep
- Drink lots of water.
- If you have an urge, delay having the cigarette.
- There are 7 medications approved to help you quit smoking:
Carefully read the information on the package.
Using a medication with counseling will double your chances of successfully
If you are pregnant, nursing, under age 18, or have a medical condition,
talk to your health care provider before using any medication.
Be Prepared for Relapse or Difficult Situations
- Nicotine patch (available over the counter—OTC)
- Nicotine gum (available OTC)
- Nicotine lozenge (available OTC)
- Nicotine inhaler (by prescription—Rx—only)
- Nicotine nasal spray (by Rx only)
- Zyban (by Rx only). Also known by trade names Wellbutrin or Zyban.
- Varenicline (by Rx only). Also known as Chantix.
- Most relapses occur soon after quitting. Don’t be discouraged if you start
- Most people try several times before they finally quit. Here are some
difficult situations to watch for:
- Alcohol: Drinking alcohol lowers your chances of successful quitting.
- Other smokers: Being around other smoking can make you want to smoke. You
may need to avoid smokers for awhile.
- Weight gain: Many people will gain some weight when they quit. Eat a healthy
diet, stay active. Don’t let weight gain distract you from your main goal of
quitting smoking. Use of nicotine gum or bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban) may delay
- Bad mood or depression: Smoking affects our moods. If you find that your
mood changes for the worse as you cut down or quit smoking, seek professional
assistance in learning how to manage your mood without smoking.
For free information:
- Visit www.trytostop.org
- Call the Massachusetts Smokers Helpline at 1-800-Try-To-Stop
- Spanish language Smokers Helpline: 1-800-8-Dejalo (1-800-833-5256)
- Deaf/Hard of Hearing: 1-800-TDD-1477 (1-800-833-1477)
- Recorded Quit Tips in English and Spanish: 1-800-Get-A-Tip
Adapted from US Department of Health and Human Services,
Public Health Service “You Can Quit Smoking”, October 2000