Information about Diabetes
What is type 2 diabetes?
The two hormones that control the metabolism of carbohydrates are insulin and glucagon. After consuming a meal containing carbohydrates, insulin is required to transport glucose from the bloodstream into cells for storage or energy. If blood glucose drops, glucagon breaks down stored carbohydrates into simple glucose for energy. These two hormones work together to keep blood glucose levels stable.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition where the body’s cells do not respond to insulin very well. This condition is known as insulin resistance. As a result, high levels of glucose accumulate in the blood, but the cells are starved of energy, which can lead to cravings for more food an hour or two after eating. This metabolic imbalance is detrimental and can lead to more serious health complications.
Risk factors, Symptoms, and Diagnosis of diabetes
· Being overweight or obese can increase insulin resistance.
· Type 2 diabetes can be affected by family history, genetics, and older age.
· Other risk factors:
- Older than 45 years.
- Low HDL cholesterol (<35 mg/dL), high triglycerides (>250 mg/dL)
- High blood pressure
- Have had gestational diabetes in the past
- Are African American, Hispanic, Native American